POOLE HARBOUR PAST

 

Neolithic & Bronze Age up to circa 700BC- Evidence of early man clearances settlements – slash and burn to make clearance for agriculture - creating the heathland as we know it. Thirteen Bronze Age barrows on ridge at Canford Heath and what is believed to be a stone circle at Nine Barrow Down

Iron Age - potteries and settlements. The log boat. The importance of riverine trade. Green Island and Cleval Point workings with jetty for substantial harbour from around 250BC

The Roman invasion of 43/44 AD - and the Roman legacy

The Roman Road from Poole to Lake Gates - near Wimborne, runs down the Hamworthy peninsular. Its termination point in the harbour is not known but the course of the road turns eastward towards the area of the old Power station site. (subsequent excavations of the Pilkington site at Hamworthy reveal what appears to be the Roman Fort) The harbour would have been used to ferry supplies but as the fort was abandon around 60AD. it is not known if there continued to be a civilian centre here. The local potteries continued in use but these were based on the Wareham and Arne shores of the harbour.

Dark Ages - Poole harbour - invasion and doorway to Wessex. Viking raid Wareham 10th cent –date?? Danish fleet wrecked off Swanage in storm.

Early Saxons - Cnut (Canute) Poole as a base for the Wessex kingdom. The coming of the Anglo Saxons.

The Manor of Canford (incls Poole). Development of the Manors.

Norman conquest - Old Town area defined as island west of Towngate, now Towngate Bridge to quay and St James’s.

Place name – Pwll oldest reference derived from Celtic (See Standard Welsh Dictonary.

Taken to mean Pool later OE Pole, see full root A D Mills place names.

Stephen & Matilda War - Poole harbour used as base by Matilda. With supplies of men and troops landing at Wareham.

The First Charter – William Longspee the start of a town? Grants first charter 1248 town breaks away from Manorial estate - reasons why this happened?

The Civil War - involvement of Poole. Monmouth rebellion and Judge Jeffreys. William of Orange 1688.

18th century – Developed Shipping and trade with Newfoundland

Transport & Trade - its creation of wealth and the impact on the Town. (not just Newfoundland Trade. Potteries Wool ship building markets etc Water transport and the coming of the Railways.

Social history of Poole in 19th & 20th century - Health sanitation and disease. Schools hospitals parks and workhouses - (or earlier almshouses). Cholera outbreak 1831 Typhoid outbreak 1907 & 1936/7.

Leyland Itinery 1530's comments on Poole - "Poole is not an old-established town, in fact it used to be a poor fishing village, and a hamlet or dependent chapelry of the parish church. But within living memory much good building has taken place, and trade has greatly increased. Poole is almost and island within the harbour.".1